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雅思长难句解析(76)|长难句“综合版”

时间:02-21 来源:最新资讯 访问次数:28

雅思长难句解析(76)|长难句“综合版”

February 20, 2024雅思长难句解析 | | 栏目推送说明雅思长难句解析每周一期,专业老师解读成功就是日复一日的积累本期作者:郑百慧例句1It is remarkable how much people can vary in their wisdom from one situation to the next, and how much stronger such contextual effects are for understanding the relationship between wise judgment and its social and affective outcomes as compared to the generalized "traits”,' Grossmann explains.(剑16 Test2 Passage3 )1)结构分析层次一:主句:it is remarkable how much people can vary and how much stronger....effects are修饰①:in......wisdom【介短状,修饰vary,表方面】修饰②:from........next【介短状,修饰vary,表条件】修饰③:for...outcomes【介短状,修饰 how much stronger ... are,表方面】修饰④:compared....traits【done分词状语,修饰 how much stronger...are,表比较】结构总结:主句+介短+done2)译文分析:红体字代表主干,括号代表修饰,大括号包括小括号令人震惊的是:(在不同“环境”下)人们的智慧能力是不同的,而且(在理解智慧判断与社会有效结果之间的关系方面),这些“环境因素”的影响(要比普通特征)大的多3)重点词汇:first-person viewpoint(词组) 第一人称视角remarkable:adj. 令人惊讶的 显著的vary:v. 变化 不同situation:n. 情况 环境contextual:adj. 环境的 情况的judgement:n. 判断 评价outcomes:n. 结果traits:n. 特点例句2That is, knowing how wisely a person behaves in a given situation is more informative for understanding their emotions or likelihood to forgive [or] retaliate as compared to knowing whether the person may be wise "in general.(剑16 Test2 Passage3 )1)结构分析层次一:主句:knowing....is more informative修饰①:ina given situation【介短状语,修饰behave,表地点】修饰②:for.........retaliate 【介短状语,修饰主句,表方面】修饰③:ascompared to...... general【as状从,修饰主句,表比较】层次二:修饰②内部:主体:understanding their emotions or likelihood修饰:to.....retaliate【to do定,修饰likelihood,表目的】结构总结:主句+介短+介短【嵌套to do】+状从2)译文分析:红体字代表主干,括号代表修饰,大括号包括小括号“知道一个人在某一特定情况下如何智慧行为(要比知道他是否能在普遍情况下智慧行为)”是更有帮助的,(在理解他们的情绪或原谅还是报复的可能性方面)3)重点词汇:informative:adj. 增长见闻的 指导性的 提供有用信息的emotion:n. 情感 感觉likelihood:n. 可能性retaliate:v. 报复 回击distant observer:(词组)旁观者wisdom:n. 智慧例句3As the ice has vanished, it has been giving up the treasures it has preserved in cold storage for the last 6,000 years - items such as ancient arrows and skis from Viking Age** traders.(剑16 Test2 Passage3 )1) 结构分析:层次一:主句:it has been giving up the treasures修饰①:as.....vanished【as状从,修饰主句,表时间】修饰②:it has....traders-【省略that的定从,修饰treasures】层次二:修饰②内部:主体:it has preserved in cold storage for the last 6,000 years修饰:- items such as..... traders【破折号同位语,解释treasures】结构总结:状从+主句+定从【嵌套同位】2)译文分析:红体字代表主干,括号代表修饰,大括号包括小括号(当冰褪去),(被冰封锁了6000年的)宝藏就被释放出来,(比如古代的箭和来自维京时代商人的滑雪板)3)重点词汇:vanish:v. 消失give up:v. 释放treasures:n. 宝藏preserve:v. 保存arrows:n. 箭

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